Question: Is it possible to please describe how dye sublimation printing works? What kind of printer can be used? Will it be similar to heat transfer printing?
Answer: Wow! All excellent and related inquiries to the dye sub and also heat transfer printing of fabric, one of my favorite approaches to print fabric along with other items, even though this answer will deal mostly with polyester fabric.
First, there are two varieties of sublimation transfer paper. One uses ribbon so transfer color into a transfer paper, as well as the other is identical basic printing method as digital printing except there are differences between ink and dye. As well as the same printers can be used, although not interchangeably because of the differences between dyes and ink.
Inkjet printing uses, typically, what is known the “four color process” printing method. The four colors can also be known in shorthand as CMYK ink colors. CMYK is short for Cyan-Magenta, Yellow, and Black, which in almost any combination will print nearly every color, not including neon colors or metallic colors, but the majority colors inside the photo spectrum.
Due to the limitations of CMYK inks, additional colors happen to be added to some printers that are now generally known as 6 color digital printers, having added an easy cyan plus a light magenta to reach some of the harder colors to generate from the printing process. Some printers have even added orange and green cartridges at the same time.
Dye sublimation printing is slightly different. The dyes used are exactly like ink, however with some differences. The ink looking for dye sub printing can be another four color process (commonly known in shorthand as 4CP), although the shorthand version here is CMYO, or cyan-magenta-yellow-overprint clear. Where is definitely the black, you may wonder? It will be hard to produce a full color spectrum without black!
To describe where the black went, or rather better, where it comes down from in CMYO dye sublimation printing, I have to delve into the remainder of how it works. Mentioned previously previously, a standard 4CP computer printer is needed to print dyes as well, however the dye needs to be printed on the treated paper cleverly named “transfer paper.”
A graphic is printed in reverse (or mirror printed) in the kiian sublimation ink. The paper is matched up to a bit of fabric. The fabric should not be an all-natural fiber because of the process that can be explained momentarily. The material typically used most of the time is polyester since it is an adaptable fiber that could be created to look like everything from an oil canvas to your sheer fabric into a double-sided knit material that may be made in a double-sided flag or banner.
After the paper is matched on the fabric, it is actually run through heated rollers at high-pressure. The rollers are heated to just under 400 degrees Fahrenheit or 210 degrees Celsius. Since the fabric passes through the heated rollers, a couple of things happen. First, the pores or cells in the poly-fabric open up, while simultaneously the dye on the paper is converted to a gaseous state. The gas impregnates the open cells which close as they leave the heated rollers. This produces a continuous tone print which cannot be achieved employing an computer printer because of the dot pattern laid down through the inkjets.
If an item like plastic or aluminum is coated by using a special polymeric coating, these materials can also be printed. Besides banners and posters and flags, other things that are commonly dexupky33 with dye sublimation heat transfer printing are clothing items such as T-shirts, table covers, sportswear, ID cards, and signs.
Some advantages to heat transfer vinyl roll is the image is an element of the fabric, so it doesn’t remove like ink on top of fabric or some other materials and can not fade for a long time. The dye cannot build up on fabric like t-shirts either. Everyone had worn a printed shirt where the ink felt enjoy it was very stiff on the outside from the material, as well as over time that it will quickly flake off. This will likely not occur with dye sublimation.
Other advantages are the colors can be more brilliant than other types of printing due to process of dye sublimation as well as the continuous tones that happen to be achieved as soon as the dye converts to your gaseous state. Because in printing garments the material is printed just before the shirt or jacket is constructed, the graphic can check out the fringe of the material which happens to be not achievable typically with screen printed shirts.